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NORWEGIAN CONNECTION: Old is Gold, or Norwegians in the Balkans

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norvég, Stoltenberg Norwegian connection
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These days, only these old pieces of furniture remember certain things. For example, few people know that there is a Belgrade-Norway-Macedonia political triangle in the Balkans, which has been functioning since the 1960s. It was brought together by Thorvald Stoltenberg, the former First Secretary of the Norwegian Embassy in Yugoslavia and the father of Jens Stoltenberg, the current Secretary General of NATO. In the 1960s, the elder Stoltenberg also dealt with mitigating the consequences of the catastrophic Skopje earthquake, for which he later received a street named after him in the Macedonian capital, shortly before Macedonia’s NATO accession.

Papa Stoltenberg

In the 1990s, Papa Stoltenberg was known as a United Nations peace mediator in the former Yugoslavia and co-author of the last unsuccessful peace plan aimed at ending the Bosnian War.

The Owen-Stoltenberg Agreement ultimately ended in failure as the Bosniak side rejected it under American influence.

Despite the failure of the plan, Thorvald was honored as an honorary citizen of Belgrade in 2015, on which occasion he stated:

I greatly appreciate becoming an honorary citizen of Belgrade. I must confess that even before this honor, I felt like a true Belgrader. During my first assignment here, I learned the language, read newspapers, and strolled with my wife, Camilla, Jens, and Nina around the Kalemegdan (Belgrade Fortress) area

– said Papa Stoltenberg.

norvég, Stoltenberg

KÉT MUNKÁSPÁRTI POLITIKUS: Apja és fia, vagyis Jens és Thorvald Stoltenberg (utóbbi 1931-2018)

The functioning of the aforementioned triangle was exemplified in Macedonia by the exploitation of the “Pržino Agreement.”

This agreement was the attempt of the country’s four main parties, the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity (VMRO-DPMNE), the Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM), the Democratic Union for Integration (DUI), and the Democratic Party of Albanians (DPA) to solve the political crisis through early parliamentary elections in 2016.

Coincidentally or not, after the elections, DUI, contrary to the Ohrid Agreement, terminated its long-term partnership with the majority VMRO-DPMNE and formed a coalition with Zoran Zaev’s SDSM.

According to Macedonian journalist Vasko Eftov’s information, the party coup was organized by a Norwegian diplomat who arrived in Mala Rečica from Belgrade for this occasion.

Mrs. Rita Augestad Knudsen Kurti

Another Norwegian-Labour Party figure in Balkan politics is Rita Augestad Knudsen, the wife of Albin Kurti, the Prime Minister of Kosovo. Mrs. Knudsen is the Senior Researcher and Head of the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI – Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt).

The institute has long been actively engaged with Russia, causing certain Norwegian structures to distance themselves from it. Norway’s oldest daily newspaper, Morgenbladet, claimed that the institute is under the exclusive control of the Labour Party.

It is unknown which party membership Mrs. Knudsen holds, but we do know that her expertise lies in security and defense, particularly in combating terrorism and Balkan radicalization.

It is likely that Mrs. Kurti has passed on a portion of her theoretical knowledge to the talented “revolutionary” agent, Albin Kurti, who currently adeptly handles the crisis from the Prime Minister’s seat in Northern Kosovo with the assistance of a handful of Serb collaborators.

Kurti’s approach to the Association of Serbian Municipalities (ZSO) has been so successful that it has angered the United States, leading to Kosovo’s exclusion from the NATO “Defender Europe 23” exercise, while simultaneously participating in the “Platinum Wolf” exercise jointly with the Serbian Army.

Former Prime Minister of Kosovo, Ramush Haradinaj, wrote the following on Facebook:

There have been others in our history who wanted to eliminate these alliances, but Kosovo was greater than them, and it triumphed. This time, there is no option but victory. The people of Kosovo, the most pro-Western people on the continent, will know how to defend their friends and orientation. Albin Kurti cannot change the direction of Kosovo and the Kosovo people.

Adem Demaçi, Moscow’s man?

When speaking about another orientation, Haradinaj is likely referring to the attractions and positions created by the Kosovar Albanian icon and Albin Kurti’s political mentor, Adem Demaçi, in the 20th century regarding the Albanian national question.

According to some theories, these orientations originate from the Soviet State Security Committee (KGB) with the aim of weakening Yugoslavia and Tito through Albanian nationalism and separatism, which de facto aligned with NATO after the Informbiro Resolution in 1948.

norvég, Stoltenberg

Adem Demaçi, a javíthatatlan forradalmár (1936-2018)

There is little evidence to support the thesis of the KGB’s destructive role in Kosovo, as the former Yugoslavia (SFRY) blamed Albania and the Sigurimi intelligence service for Albanian separatism, not the Soviet Union and the KGB.

Nevertheless, many publicly available sources claim that Moscow orchestrated the affair and that their main collaborator in Kosovo was Adem Demaçi.

Western socialists, particularly the Norwegians, held Demaçi in high regard, considering him almost a freedom fighter.

However, the influence of this individual was crucial in shaping the ethnic-nationalist myths of Kosovo, to which the political and military narratives of Albanians and Kosovars in the 1990s were connected.

Demaçi supported the Kosovo Marxist-Leninist Organization and other leftist organizations, from which the “Kosovo People’s Movement” emerged. This functioned as the organizational and political core of the Kosovo Liberation Army (Ushtria Çlirimtare e Kosovës, UÇK), whose members were primarily recruited from Yugoslav prisons.

During the one-year Kosovo war, Jakup Krasniqi, the founder of the army and later President of Kosovo, served as the spokesperson for the UÇK, while Adem Demaçi acted as a cohesive factor and political representative. Albin Kurti learned the “trade” under his guidance, so his radical behavior is not surprising.

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B.A. Balkanac





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